Exploring the Rich Biodiversity of Sanjay Gandhi Jaivik Udyan in Patna
Sanjay Gandhi Jaivik Udyan, also known as Patna Zoo, is a captivating destination located off Bailey Road in Patna, Bihar, India. Established in 1973, this park has become Patna’s most frequented picnic spot, attracting over 36,000 visitors on New Year’s Day alone in 2022.
Sanjay Gandhi Jaivik Udyan initially started as a botanical garden in 1969, thanks to the generous contribution of almost 34 acres (14 ha) of land from the Governor House campus by Sri Nityanand Kanungo, the then Governor of Bihar. Over the years, the park expanded with additional land provided by the Public Works Department and the Revenue Department, totaling 118.95 acres (48.14 ha).
Since its transformation into a biological park in 1973, Sanjay Gandhi Jaivik Udyan has been a harmonious blend of a botanical garden and a zoo. The park boasts an impressive collection of over 800 animals, representing approximately 110 species.
Visitors to Sanjay Gandhi Jaivik Udyan can marvel at majestic creatures such as tigers, leopards, clouded leopards, hippos, crocodiles, elephants, Himalayan black bears, and jackals. The park also houses a variety of herbivores, including black bucks, spotted deer, and giraffes. A vibrant aviary showcases peafowls, hill mynas, emus, and white peacocks, while the reptile section features gharials, pythons, and several species of snakes.
What sets Sanjay Gandhi Jaivik Udyan apart is its commitment to preserving and displaying a diverse range of plant life. Originating as a botanical garden, the park now hosts more than 300 species of trees, herbs, and shrubs. Visitors can explore the park’s nursery for medicinal plants, the enchanting orchid house, the lush fern house, the captivating glass house, and the fragrant rose garden.
One of the highlights of Sanjay Gandhi Jaivik Udyan is its impressive aquarium, which serves as a major attraction and revenue generator for the park. Housing around 35 species of fish, the aquarium offers visitors a glimpse into the fascinating underwater world.
For those with a fascination for snakes, the park’s snake house is a must-visit. Home to 32 snakes belonging to five different species, this section provides a unique opportunity to learn about these intriguing reptiles.
Sanjay Gandhi Jaivik Udyan is not only a place of leisure and entertainment, but it also plays a vital role in wildlife conservation and education. The park actively participates in breeding programs for endangered species, contributing to the preservation of biodiversity.
As you explore the sprawling grounds of Sanjay Gandhi Jaivik Udyan, you’ll be immersed in a world of natural wonders. The park’s serene atmosphere, coupled with its diverse flora and fauna, makes it an ideal destination for nature enthusiasts, families, and anyone seeking a peaceful retreat.
Whether you’re captivated by the graceful movements of a tiger, the vibrant colors of a peacock, or the delicate beauty of an orchid, Sanjay Gandhi Jaivik Udyan promises an unforgettable experience that will deepen your appreciation for the wonders of the natural world.